A Roots pump with a backing system is an essential component of a vacuum pumping system. It comprises two rotors, or lobes, which rotate in opposite directions to move gas or air from the inlet to the outlet, effectively creating a vacuum.
However, despite their high efficiency, Roots pumps are prone to a phenomenon called backflow. This occurs when gas or air reverses its flow and enters the vacuum chamber, which can lead to decreased pumping performance and contamination.
To address this issue, Roots pumps are often equipped with a backing system. This system includes a secondary vacuum pump, such as a scroll or turbo pump, which is connected to the Roots pump. The backing pump creates a lower pressure environment outside the Roots pump, which helps prevent backflow.
The backing system operates by effectively reducing the pressure in the chamber surrounding the Roots pump, creating a pressure gradient that ensures gas flows away from the chamber rather than back into it. This enhances the overall efficiency and reliability of the vacuum pumping system.
Furthermore, the backing system can also serve additional purposes such as removing any gases that may have leaked into the pump or chamber. This feature is particularly crucial in applications where even minute levels of contamination can compromise the quality of the process or product.
In conclusion, the inclusion of a backing system in a vacuum pumping system with Roots pumps is critical for preventing backflow and maintaining optimal performance. By effectively reducing pressure and removing potential gas leaks, the backing system enhances the efficiency, reliability, and contamination control capabilities of the vacuum pumping system.